In the autumn of 1945 back in London representatives of 37 countries based United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). This happens in order to promote cooperation among nations in education, science, culture and communication.
Programme for World Heritage Commission of UNESCO World Heritage aims to catalog, preserve and name the objects with exceptional cultural or natural importance to the common heritage of mankind. The program was established by the Convention for the Protection of World Cultural and Natural Heritage, adopted by the General Conference of UNESCO on November 16, 1972 Since then, 182 countries have ratified the Convention. Each object from the List of World Heritage property is the country whose territory is situated, but it is believed that in the interest of the international community is to maintain each of them for future generations. Protection and preservation of these sites is a concern of all countries involved in World Heritage Programme. Thanks to funding from UNESCO, the world is saved and restored some of the most significant achievements of human thought and culture.
Here we should note the Bulgarian modest contribution to the protection of our (by UNESCO) 7 cultural monuments and two nature reserves, listed as World Heritage, and see what happens to them.
Bulgaria became a member of UNESCO on March 7, 1974 Five years later session of the Commission on World Heritage, held in the city of Luxor (Egypt) Boyana Church Madara Rider, Ivanovo rock monasteries and Kazanlak Tomb are the first Bulgarian monuments to the world that draws attention.
Boyana Church. In 1977, the Boyana Church was closed for visitors - it is carried out conservation works and the strengthening of the National Institute for Cultural Monuments. The work was suspended after discussions about 2000 from 2003, is a subsidiary of the National History Museum. After nearly 50 years of restoration 4 December 2006 the church was officially opened for visitors. Paintings are available on the church in the eastern part, clearly visible from 17 th century frescoes (which are painted on the old 12 th century). Her condition is good.
Madara Horseman. In 2008 Madara Rider garnered the most votes in the campaign "The Bulgarian symbols. Following the decision taken by the BNB will be printed on the first Bulgarian euro coins. Madara Horseman rock relief is the only in Europe since the early Middle Ages. Preserved over the centuries, unfortunately today it is threatened. For years, scientists from different disciplines are trying unsuccessfully to cope with the problem. The monument has a vertical crack caused by an earthquake in the early 20th century. Greater threat of it, however, acid rain, which corrode the limestone rock. At this point the future of the Madara Horseman is under serious threat.
Ivanovo rock monasteries. Ivanovo Monastery of St. Archangel Michael "due to its unmatched cultural and historical value especially wall paintings dating from the 13th and 14th century and preserved in five of the rock churches. The monastery was inhabited by monks in the period 13-17 century. Ever the rock churches were over 40, and cells - about 300. Due to reductions in control and the lack of reliable security funds in the autumn of 2008, vandals destroyed many of the frescoes in the monastery, as the image of Tsar Ivan Assen - one of the donors to the monastery and images of saints. Largely monument is left unattended.
Thracian Tomb of Kazanlak. Found randomly on April 19, 1944 by a group of soldiers after the arrest of Kazanlak to dig trenches for shelter near Tyulbeto. The monument dates from the third century BC During the first two years the site remained open, and therefore part of the original paintings are faded. After many years of strict regime of access today original Kazanlak tomb can be seen again on the amount of 20 Euro per person. The leadership of the local museum, which operates the tomb, says visits to its (limited their view of "high" price) does not change its microclimate and are not dangerous for the murals.
In 1983, another session of UNESCO in Florence to the already mentioned cultural sites have been added monastery and Old Nessebar. Same year for protected areas are declared Pirin National Park and Reserve Silver. Two years later, in 1985, disclosed in 1982 Thracian tomb became the "seventh wonder" of Bulgaria.
Rila Monastery. Having survived years of Communist Bulgaria, free of dust and cobwebs and today is one of the the attractive destinations for pilgrims and tourists. The new abbot of the Monastery, His Grace Bishop Adrianopolskiyat Evlogii takes great care to maintain the building and its preservation as a cultural monument.
Old Nessebar. Trihilyadoletno over its existence has created a unique blend of the achievements of the Thracian, ancient Greek, Roman, Byzantine and Bulgarian builders. The fortified wall protecting the city grew and has been maintained until the conquest by the Turks of Nessebar. Over the centuries in Nessebar are built over 40 churches - a surprisingly large number for such a small village. There are many houses, mostly from the XIX century architecture with a typical Black Sea. After extensive discussions and visits by experts of UNESCO in the summer of 2009 decided to Old Nessebar remain in the number of world cultural monuments. Although overbuilding and destruction of many buildings, monuments.
Thracian tomb. Discovered in 1982 and officially opened for visits by September 30, 2000 The remarkable achievement of the Thracians (equal to the tomb of Philip of Macedonia in Vergina, Greece) is exposed through modern Hadley Trust, UK. Quarter century after the discovery of the Thracian Thracian tomb near Isperih it appears that the monument list of UNESCO World Heritage no owner and no management plan. We hope that today this problem is solved ...